Video Recordings

Video recordings can be one of the most powerful forms of real evidence in criminal trials. Video recordings allow the judge and/or jury a first-hand glimpse at what occurred and often leave little room for interpretation.

For a video recording to be admissible as evidence at trial, it must fairly, properly and accurately depict what it purports to depict. It must not intend to mislead. The video must also be authenticated by whomever recorded it, or another party capable of confirming its accuracy. The video must not be altered in any way. If portions of a video have been altered, those portions will be deemed inadmissible, while the rest of the recordings remains admissible. The inadmissible parts will not be viewed by the judge and/or jury.


Person A is on trial for assault with a weapon after allegedly chasing and striking person B with a baseball bat inside a hotel lobby. Cameras in the hotel lobby captured the assault.

At trial, the Crown introduces CCTV footage from the hotel clearly showing person A violently assaulting person B with the bat. This provides the judge and/or jury with a clear view of what occurred and leaves little doubt that person A is guilty of assault with a weapon. A security guard from the hotel who was monitoring the cameras on the night of the incident testifies about the time, location and accuracy of the video played in court.

Common Examples of Video Recordings as Evidence

Common examples of photographic evidence used in criminal trials include:

  • CCTV footage
  • Police dashcam or body camera footage
  • Dash cam footage from a private vehicle
  • Privately recorded cell phone footage
  • Video tapped statements to police of complainants or witnesses

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More Legal Information

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In criminal cases, there are very strict rules governing what evidence can be used and how it can be used.

The rights enjoyed of all those within Canada are contained in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Criminal procedure is the process by which an accused person is arrested and brought through the justice system.

Sentencing refers to the punishment that is ordered when an individual is found guilty of a criminal offence.

Firearm Smoke

Offences in Canada are listed in the Criminal Code. They include crimes related to people, vehicles and weapons.