In Canada, the Criminal Code contains all the criminal offences for all of the provinces and territories. Criminal law is created by the federal government, meaning all crimes are contained in this one piece of legislation that applies to the entire country. The Criminal Code is updated from time to time, meaning the offences contained in it may be added to, removed, or changed.

In addition to the criminal offences, the Criminal Code also contains various defences to the offences contained in the Code. Not all defences are listed in the Code. Some defences are considered common law defences which means they were created through judge made caselaw, rather than by the federal government.

The following page will discuss the majority of criminal offences in the Code, as well as various defences that are available.

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In criminal cases, there are very strict rules governing what evidence can be used and how it can be used.

The rights enjoyed of all those within Canada are contained in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Criminal procedure is the process by which an accused person is arrested and brought through the justice system.

Sentencing refers to the punishment that is ordered when an individual is found guilty of a criminal offence.

An order made by a court directing the offender to do something in addition to completing their regular sentence.

Elements of an Offence

Your Rights

Criminal Records