Extortion

The offence of extortion is outlined in section 346(1) of the Criminal Code.

A person commits the offence of extortion when, with the intention to obtain anything, they threaten, accuse, menace, violently induce, or attempt to induce someone into doing anything or causing anything to be done.

A threat to sue someone is not considered a threat under this offence.

Examples

Person A threatens to kill person B if person C does not pay person A.

Person D threatens to falsely accuse person E of sexual assault if person E does not send person D nude images of themselves.

Person F threatens to post negative information about person G online if person G does not pay person F $10,000.00.

Cases

R. v. Gigliotti, 2012 ONSC 1603

In R. v. Gigliotti, the accused was convicted of one count of extortion for threatening to call the police on his employee, who he found stealing a bottle of vodka, if she did not engage in sexual activity with him despite her not consenting to this sexual activity.

R. v. A.K., 2012 ONSC 5245

In R. v. A.K., the accused was convicted of three counts of extortion against three of his prior employees for threatening to call the police on them unless they returned large sums of money that they had allegedly stolen from him, even though none of these employees had actually stolen any money from the accused.

Offence Specific Defence(s)

Reasonable Justification / Legal Excuse

Where the individual is justified in making a demand for money and threatens to call police if they are not paid, they have not committed the offence of extortion.

For example, where person A steals money from person B, and person B demands the money back and threatens to call the police, they have not committed extortion.

No Intent to Obtain Anything

Where the person is making threats, accusing, menacing, or inducing the other without the intention of obtaining anything from them, they may not have completed the offence of extortion.

For example, if person A threatens person B out of anger and not out of a desire to get anything from person B or anyone else, person A may not have completed the offence of extortion. Person A may, however, have committed another criminal offence.

No Threat, Accusation, Menace, Inducement, or Attempted Inducement

Where the person does not make any threats, accusations, menaces, violent inducements, or attempted inducements directed at getting someone to do something or cause something to be done, the person has not completed the offence of extortion.

For example, if person A simply threatens to kill person B because they are mad at person B and they don’t want person B to do anything or cause anything to be done, person A has not completed the offence of extortion.

Legal Information on Demand:

  • 6 Modules
  • 1 Hour of Video
  • 3.5 Hour Audiobook
  • 125 Pages
  • Instant Access

  • Affordable

More Legal Information

Law Newbie™ is a free legal assistant developed by our criminal lawyers to help you understand the law.

Fingerprint

In criminal cases, there are very strict rules governing what evidence can be used and how it can be used.

The rights enjoyed of all those within Canada are contained in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Criminal procedure is the process by which an accused person is arrested and brought through the justice system.

Sentencing refers to the punishment that is ordered when an individual is found guilty of a criminal offence.

Firearm Smoke

Offences in Canada are listed in the Criminal Code. They include crimes related to people, vehicles and weapons.